In 2022, 6 percent of U.S. adults reported currently using an e-cigarette device.

The researchers also raised concerns about the risks of short – and long-term use of e-cigarettes.

“Almost 100 percent of e-cigarettes sold in the United States contain nicotine, and youth use of these products may lead to future abuse and addiction to other substances,” said senior author Dr. Panagiota “Yiota” Kitsantas. Professor and Chair, Department of Population Health and Social Medicine, FAU Schmidt School of Medicine. “The use of e-cigarettes is not a safer alternative to smoking, but may lead to a decline in the use of regular tobacco products.” The use of e-cigarettes has also raised concerns about new health risks, including nicotine addiction.”

While the data point to a significant decline in the prevalence of traditional cigarette smoking among American teens, the introduction of e-cigarette use and its alarming growth present new challenges. The researchers believe the data presents clinical and public health challenges.